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The History of Ranching Mural by Buck Winn

In 1950 the Wimberley, Texas artist James Buchanan “Buck” Winn was commissioned by the Pearl Brewing Company in San Antonio to paint The History of Ranching, a massive mural to adorn the walls of the brewery’s oval-shaped hospitality room, called the Pearl Corral. At 280 feet, the mural was considered the longest in the world at the time, and it depicting the story of cattle ranching in the Southwest—from its earliest open range days through the fencing of the range and the arrival of the railroad.

When the brewery remodeled the Pearl Corral in the early 1970s, the mural canvas was cut into several pieces, removed and stored on the brewery’s grounds, and forgotten for more than 20 years. In the early 1990s, Dr. Dorey Schmidt, faculty at what was then the University of Texas--Pan American, tracked down the mural at the brewery, which then donated the pieces to the Wimberley Institute of Cultures. The Wittliff Collections received two of the panels as gifts and purchased a third from the Wimberley Institute of Cultures in the late 1990s—creating a contiguous span of 82 feet from the original mural.

For the next decade, The Wittliff planned and raised funds fundraising for the restoration, conservation, and installation of its three panels in the Albert B. Alkek Library on the Texas State University campus. The mural had suffered unfortunate and significant damage during its removal and subsequent storage. Deep scratches, abrasions, and crimping marred its surface, and cuts significantly weakened areas of the canvas support. In 2012 we sent the canvas to Scott Haskins at Fine Arts Conservation Ltd., an expert in mural conservation. After cleaning, repairing and varnishing the canvas panels, the results are truly breathtaking.

The extraordinary installation on the main floor of the newly remodeled Albert B. Alkek Library includes a custom-fabricated support and frame whose arc spans 82 feet and is suspended from the library’s ceiling. Dramatic specialized lighting truly brings The History of Ranching back to life, and it provides a dynamic visual experience for the thousands of students, staff, faculty, and visitors who walk through the library doors each day.

The road from acquisition to conservation to installation of the mural has been long one, but the result has well been worth the wait!

Several other panels from The History of Ranching can be seen at The Hays County Government Center in San Marcos and at the Wimberley Community Center and Wimberley Valley Museum in Wimberley.

Here is a video about the mural's history and preservation.

Photo of the mural